Risk Factors for Meningococcal Disease and Meningitis


Meningitis Risk Factors

Prematurity / low birth weight increase risk:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25657770
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23416652
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15334221

Lack of fever increases the risk
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24405655
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2002.tb01660.x/abstract;jsessionid=662DD39B31D52C183B0B2AFD6D4F955F.f02t02

Treatment with dexamethasone increases the risk
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021755713000491
or decreases it?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16470361

Treatment with TWO antibiotic (but not one) increase the risk?
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021755713000491

Febrile seizures do not pose a significant risk
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19633589

In neonates invasive procedures and prior antibiotics use increase the risk
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15334221


Meningococcal risk

Preterm birth increases the risk
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16473859
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15166194

Maternal Smoking / passive smoking increase the risk
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2271460/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23228219
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18435391
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16394119
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15317544
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15166194
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11693503
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10906015
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9380476


Breastfeeding reduces the risk
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15317544
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10070414

Prior antibiotic exposure?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25605282

Lifestyle
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18277925
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18435391
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16473859

Deprivation
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15274745
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10906015
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10070414